Timeline Of the Ancient World

2 min read
Timeline Of the Ancient World
Photo by Patrick / Unsplash

5000 BC: Civilisation begins in Mesopotamia.

3000-3200 BC: Menes unites the upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt.

3200 BC: Heiroglyphs are used in Egypt until 400 AD.

3100 BC: Writing was invented in Mesopotamia.

3000 BC: Irrigation was invented, barley started being grown, date palms were domesticated, the plow was invented, and cities were built. The Egyptian Numeral System was invented. The first mention of a lunar calendar.

2660-2180 BC: The Old Kingdom, or the "Age of Pyramids" for the Egyptians. They built most of the pyramids in this period, and it ended when "The First Illness" showed up. It was just a very disturbing period of sickness, crop failure, and enemies randomly showing up to steal everything they could lay their filthy paws on. People lost faith in the pharaohs because they thought that "The First Illness" was because the "gods" were angry with the pharaoh.

2600 BC: The first kings were established (until this time, Mesopotamia was a republic, not a monarchy).

2400 BC: Mummification is invented.

2080-1640 BC: The middle kingdom; pharaohs regained power once again and moved the capital to Thebes. They encouraged trade, built canals, and made sure all the people were happy. That is, until the Hyskos invaded Egypt, wielding brand-new shiny chariots.

1700 BC: The Bronze Age Greeks (the Mycenaeans and Minoans) come to power. The Minoans lived on the island of Crete, and the Mycenaeans lived on the Greek mainland.

1640-1570 BC: The rule of the Hyskos did not last very long, they were overthrown and kicked out.

1500 BC: Egyptians invade Cush to "protect their borders", but mostly to take the gold found there.

around 1500 BC: God promises to give Abraham a land of his own if they worshipped only Him.

1478-1450 BC: Hatshepsut, the first female pharaoh.

around 1400 BC: The Jews migrate to Egypt to work for the invading Hyskos.

1390 BC: Amenhotep III has his likeness made into monolithic statues near Luxor.

1353–1336 BC: Akhenaton tried to convert Egyptians from polytheism to monotheism but was not successful for long.

1355 BC: Tutenkhamon is the new king, he was the richest king of Egypt.

around 1300 BC: The Hyskos are kicked out of Egypt, and the Jews are enslaved.

1279–1213 BC: Ramses II, known for building great temples and fighting the Hittites. He built the first Suez Canal.

around 1200 BC: Moses leads the people of Israel out of Egypt, and the nine plagues happen.

1100 BC: The Sea Peoples (Cretians and Luvians) attack Egypt.

1190 BC: The seventh city of Troy is destroyed either by attack or an earthquake.

around 1000 BC: Mycenaeans and Minoans are destroyed by natural disasters, the Dorians emerge.

around 900 BC: The kingdom of Israel splits into the North and South.

700 BC: The Dorian civilization collapses.

495 BC: Pericles, a famous Athenian general, and statesman is born. During his life, he built most of the structures on the Acropolis, including the Parthenon. He also began Athenian democracy.

490 BC: The Persians (under King Cyrus) tried to invade Greece because the Greeks were helping their countrymen from Crete revolt against the oppressive Persian rule. They land at Marathon, where the Greeks defeat the Persians.

480 BC: The Persians invade once again, but this time under Cyrus' son, Xerxes. The Persian army is stopped at Thermopylae by King Leonidas but the Persians defeated him. The Greeks later destroyed most of the Persian fleet at Salamis. The golden age of Greece begins.

(this is a WIP, expect changes to be made every once in a while)