Phrases are groups of words that are used in sentences to describe a concept. One example of a phrase in a sentence is:
This is an example of an Appositive Phrase which restates the main noun, in this case Bald Eagle, as the American national animal.
A Gerund Phrase is a phrase that contains a gerund, any verb with “ing” at the end. An example of Gerund Phrase is:
“Watching the game” is the Gerund Phrase, “Watching” being the gerund.
A Prepositional Phrase begins with a preposition (aboard, above, across, after, against). An example of a Prepositional Phrase is:
“Against all odds.” is the Prepositional Phrase, “Against” being the preposition.