Jules Verne was born on February 8, 1828, and died on March 24, 1905. He wrote 54 novels and many other stories, poems, and plays, among which is 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, the next book I am going to read.
Jules Verne's father was a lawyer, and since Jules was the oldest son, he was expected to be a lawyer like his father. Jules Verne was sent to a school, where the teacher told him about her shipwrecked husband, who was missing for 30 years. She said that he would probably come back home, just like Robinson Crusoe. This probably inspired him to write The Mysterious Island and other of his island survival stories.
Next, Jules Verne went to Paris, where his father enrolled him in law school. He eventually graduated. He then came back to his birthplace, Nantes, where he fell in love with a person named Rose. Unluckily, her father gave her in marriage to someone else, and Jules was depressed. This event probably inspired the theme of ladies being forcefully married against their will in some of his stories.
In 1857, Jules Verne got married and then became a broker so that he could support his family better. During his work as a broker, he woke up very early to write, and then did his business during the day.
In 1863, Jules Verne published "Five Weeks in a Balloon", one of his most successful books. Because of the success of this book, he became financially independent and quit his job as a broker, becoming a full-time writer.
Jules Verne wanted to publish a science journal but did not go through with his plan. However, this interest in science probably inspired him to write science-fiction stories.