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India is a peninsula located in South Asia that has a population of approximately 1.5 billion people. India is a democratic country. In total, sixteen official languages are spoken in India, the main ones are Hindi, Bengali, Marathi.

It is bordered by Bangladesh (E), Bhutan (E), Myanmar(E), China(NE), Nepal(N), Pakistan (W), and Afghanistan (NW). It is also bordered by the Indian Ocean (SE, SW, S).

The capital city of India, is New Delhi, which is the home to approximately 43 million people. Some other important cities are: Mumbai (12.5 million), Bangalore (11 million), Kolkata or Calcutta (15.3 million).

The main industries of the country are Iron and Steel, Textiles, Jute, Sugar, Cement, Paper, Tourism, Petrochemical, Automobile, Information Technology (IT), and Banking & Insurance.

Fun Fact! Pangong Tso, Ladakh, the highest salt water lake in the world, can be found in India at an altitude of 4,225m.

The Taj Mahal, in Agra, is probably the most well-known landmark in India. Constructed by the Emperor Shah Jahan between 1631 and 1648 as a mausoleum for his wife. It reaches at times 20 thousand to 40 thousand visitors per day.

The Himalayas, a mountain range stretching throughout Asia, can be found partly in India. The mountain, Kangchenjunga, which is the third tallest in the world, is on the border between India and Nepal.

The most important physical features in India are:

  • The Himalayan Mountains (Alpine Climate)
  • The Northern Plains (Continental Climate)
  • Indian Desert (Desert Climate)
  • Peninsular Plateau (Semi-Arid in the north to Tropical)
  • Coastal Plains (Temperate)
  •  1,382 Islands (Tropical)

The Indus River is the longest river in India. It is over 3000 km long.

One of the most important events in Indian history was when India gained its independence from Great Britain in the year August 15, 1947.

Some foods that are grown in India are rice, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oil seeds, cotton, and jute. One of my favorite foods made in India is the Naan bread.

One of my favorite animals that can be found in India is the elephant. Average males can grow between 1,800–4,500 kg. They are sometimes used for transportation and for carrying large burdens. Other animals that can be found in India are Bengal tigers, lions, snow leopards, clouded leopards, golden eagles, king cobras, etc.

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